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Development of a woman

World monetary force may be progressively moving from West to East; notwithstanding, the fate of political improvement in Asia remains a riddle to political researchers and arrangement experts, and additionally to the district’s natives. Actually, for some of Asia’s more created economies, where many years of formal discretionary legislative issues have prompted some refined ways to the subject of initiative and representation, there is a proceeding with requirement for political change. Occasions that have happened in the past in a certain district influences everybody adjacent and the choices individuals make has its outcomes. Misuse in ladies particularly amid the second world war was extremely wild. Japanese warriors would utilize and sexually ill-use ladies as their past time when they are not in fight. These ladies are frequently called “solace ladies” as they can’t do anything to resist the Japanese or else they will pass on.

Burma may have not encountered any of these as they were detached from society for quite a while however nobody truly knows. There is additionally the likelihood that something like the occasions that transpired with the Japanese comfort women happened in Burma likewise as they were once under the rule of an outside race and winners asserted their property.

Much like different countries, Myanmar is additionally beginning to give more power to the ladies and battle for their fairness. With a specific end goal to advance the ladies’ undertakings, MNCWA (Myanmar National Committee of Women Affairs) was established. by the current military government, State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). This association intends to advance ladies’ rights and look to stop savagery against ladies.

There are eight segments to MNCWA’s working arrangements. They are ladies and instruction, ladies and human services, ladies and abusive behavior at home, ladies and the economy, ladies and society, ladies and youngsters, ladies and media and ladies and environment. There are additionally different associations working for ladies in Burma, for example, the Maternal and Child Welfare Association and Women and Sport. These tasks all go for adding to the ladies in Myanmar. Finally to change the reasoning of individuals that ladies ought to simply stay at home. Ladies have a voice in the general public.

 

Images from hrcolumbia.org and wethetrees.com

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Traditional Japanese Sports

There are various traditional Japanese sports. Although modern sports have emerged recently, these traditional sports are still widely accepted in the country.

Sumo

In Sumo, two wrestlers go up against each other in a ring. The rule of sumo is very simple- the wrestler who brings his opponent down to the ground or pushes him outside the ring is declared the winner. Although the rules are very easy to understand, the training of a sumo wrestler is not.

Kendo

Kendo is another traditional Japanese sport. In Kendo, two fencers hold a long bamboo and strike the opponent. The players wear protectors such as masks, and chest guards.

Aikido

Aikido is another traditional Japanese sport. Aikido is a martial art in which an attack with bare hands or with a weapon, such as a sword or spear, is repulsed by utilizing the strength of the attacker against him or her.

 

Aikido

Aikido

Judo

Judo is also a traditional Japanese sport. Unlike the aforementioned, Judo is an Olympic sport program that is played at the Olympic games. In judo, two wrestlers compete with various throwing and grappling techniques. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. A judo practitioner is called a judoka.

Karate

Karate did not originate in Japan. Actually, it originated in China but became very popular in the country during the colonization era. Karate is a martial art developed on the Ryukyu Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. It developed from the indigenous martial arts of Ryukyu Islands under the influence of Chinese martial arts, particularly Fujian White Crane.

Kyudo

Japanese archery or Kyudo is another traditional Japanese sport. In Kyudo, standing archers shoot arrows at a target with a long Japanese-style bow; and mounted archery, in which archers shoot at stationary targets from atop galloping horses.

 Image from Pinterest

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Hagoita Makes Hanetsuki Immortal

Hanetsuki is a popular sport in Japan in the early decades. If you haven’t seen one yet or you are not familiar with it, simply compare it with badminton.

Instead of the usual racket in badminton, the sport Hanetsuki utilizes hagoita, a wooden paddle. The shuttle cock on the other hand is referred to as hane. Unlike badminton, the sport Hanetsuki does not make use of a net. Hence, a hagoita, a hane, and the player itself completes the game.

A Traditional Sport

A Traditional Sport

Nowadays, the popularity of the sport has definitely diminished. It is just a New Year’s game in contemporary times. However, beautifully ornamented hagoita are all over Japan and is actually considered as a collector’s item.

In the middle of December, the Hagoita Market (Hagoita-ichi) is held at Sensoji Temple in Asakusa, Tokyo, where ornamented wooden paddles (hagoita) are sold at numerous stands. The paddles come in different sizes, and most of them feature portraits of kabuki actors and beautiful Edo ladies.

Traditionally, as said, Hanetsuki was played during the Near Year by Japanese ladies. The sport could be played by one or more players. As said earlier, the game is pretty much just like badminton. With this, the aim of Hanetsuki is to hit the hane back and forth between the players as many times as possible. Whoever drops the hane first is considered to be the loser and could be punished. For a single player, all he or she has to do is to keep the hane aloft all by herself.

Historically speaking, hanetsuki is not only a sport. It was actually used in ancient times as a rite during exorcisms. It eventually became a game for girls as was mentioned previously.  Again, according to history, the amount of protection received for the coming year increases the longer the hane remained in the air. However, if a player drops the hane, his or her face will be smudged with black ink.

Hanetsuki definitely has a long line of history not only as a sport but also as a traditional Japanese act. Its popularity may have deteriorated as time went on, but its significance to the Japanese will forever remain.

Image from Gaijinpot

 

 

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Japanese Martial Arts

Although Baseball is the national sport of Japan, it is still very obvious that martial arts is the most dominant sport in the history of Japan. With Japan bringing to the world various forms of martial arts, they have definitely influenced a lot of people all over the globe.

Many martial arts from Japan either have pre-historic roots or were influenced by a class of military nobility in the emperor’s service, more commonly known as samurai. Japanese martial art is much more than a form of entertainment. Its significance is actually more than defending one’s self and defeating opponents. It goes as far as spirituality, discipline, morality, and strengthening the mind.

The five main types of martial arts are still in practice nowadays not only in Japan but all over the world. These are the following:

Karate

Karate was developed in the Ryuku Kingdom. It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century during a time of cultural exchanges between the Japanese and the Chinese. Karate incorporates kicks and punches from a fixed stance, combining elements of indigenous fighting styles and Chinese kenpo.

Judo

Judo is also called as the “gentle way”. It originated in 1882 and is based on grappling with and throwing an opponent. It is already accepted as an Olympic sport.

Aikido

Aikido is a flowing style developed in the 1920s that uses the attacker’s momentum to defend, protecting both people from injury. It was developed by Morihei Ueshiba. Aikido has roots from religious belief, philosophy, and marital studies.

Kendo

Kendo is the way of the sword, Japanese fencing with bamboo swords, descended from samurai swordsmanship

Kyudo

Kyudo is the way of the bow, Japanese archery refined by the samurai that emphasizes perfect technique to achieve accuracy. Experts of Kyudo are referred to as kyudoka. The sport itself is based on archery which originated with the samurai class of feudal Japan.

Bows have been used for many centuries in Japan, both as weapons of warfare and as hunting tools. Kyudo is a relatively popular recreational activity, practiced in kyudojo, special kyudo facilities found in schools, culture centers and the like.

To learn more about Japanese sports, check out this website frequently.

 

Martial Arts is a Traditional Japanese sport

Martial Arts is a Traditional Japanese sport

Image from Google

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Traditional Japanese Sports; Never Fading

Traditional Sports

Traditional Sports

The Japanese are known as sports-minded people. Nowadays, modern sports such as volleyball, basketball, soccer, and baseball are usually watched by Japanese on their television sets. However, the traditional Japanese sports are not left behind. Still, many Japanese prefer to practice these. The following are traditional Japanese sports that are still loved in Japan until now:

Ju-do

Judo is considered as an Olympic sport. This hence makes the sport famous all over the globe. In history, particularly in the Meiji period, Kanoh Jigoro discovered Judo. His first sport was actually a popular Brazilian sport called jiu-jitsu. He was able to develop judo with influence of jiu-jitsu.

Karate

Karate is a sport that is forever engraved in Japanese history. Karate originated in the Okinawa Prefecture. In the Edo period were it all started, Japanese were not allowed to have any weapons with them.

This is why they were forced to develop techniques that utilized only the body of men and women. With this, they were able to produce karate- a sport that is used for attacking and defending through the use of elbows, hands, feet, and knees. As an origin, Kara in Karate actually means nothing. This symbolizes the fact that in karate, nothing or now weapon is used besides body parts.

Ken-do

Ken do is one of the most typical Japanese martial arts. Nowadays when samurai are only part of history, ken do is the closest one can get. The word kendo actually describes the sport itself- as ken means sword, and swords are used as weapons when practicing kendo.

Kyu-do

Nowadays, kyudo is not that popular anymore. However, it is still considered by Japan as one of teir primary contribution to sports. Kyudo is actually archery which was developed during war time. Nowadays, kyudo is just a sport that is more particular with posture, breathing, and the balance of body and soul.

Kyudo is Archery

Su-mo

Sumo is one of the most popular Japanese sports. Many see sumo as a great sport and a very entertaining one. It is also good to watch because the mechanics of the game is very easy and very understandable even without explanations. Sumo has a long history.

Image from Google 

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Kasagake

Japan has many famous and otherwise well-known traditional forms of sports and martial arts that have become somewhat of a cultural trope associated with the country. Many of these near ancient activities have their roots in the times of the more turbulent parts of Japan’s history, with war and conflict being prominent factors. Given that martial arts, such as Judo and Karate, are generally one-on-one combat forms, it should come as no surprise that with some modifications the martial arts would eventually evolve into forms of competitions.

Of course, there are some of the more traditional Japanese sports that also have their history in warfare, with some of them less commonly known nowadays. Kasagake, occasionally called Kasakake in some parts of the Land of the Rising Sun, is one of those. The term “Kasagake” can literally be translated into “hat shooting.” In its basic sense, Kasagake is a form of archery practised from the back of horse. Similar to its sister sport Yabusame, Kasagake is an extension of the famous Japanese Kyudo. Unlike Yabusame, however, Kasagake is nowadays practised in a less formal setting and generally not in a celebratory context. More variables and skills are used in Kasagake – the most obvious one being that the riders of the horses are constantly in motion while attempting to hit various targets, whereas the more ceremonial sport of Yabusame is confined to only aiming for 3 wooden targets while the horse is stationary.

A similarity both Yabusame and Kasagake share, however, is its shared history, with both variations of horseback archery dating back to the same period, wherein Minamoto no Yoritomo is said to have created the concept as a form of training for his soldiers. Some sources dating back to times even before Yoritomo’s mention the word Kasagake and while one cannot be sure of the exact origin of the sport, it is widely accepted to have been birthed around that time period in Japan regardless.

There are several different forms of Kasagake. Initially, the targets the archers shot at were literally just a bunch of straw hats, which quickly changed into a wooden skeleton, often padded out with straw or cotton to give the target substance, and in some cases, a humanoid shape. The general form of the sport is practised on a so-called horse yard – a path indicated by ropes. The riders ride their horses down the indicated path while shooting at the targets as the horse moves along, with scoring being a mixture of the archer’s accuracy as well as completion time of the course.

First image by city.miura.kanagawa.jp

Second image by David Calhoun on flickr.com

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Yabusame

Japan is a country with a very diverse background in terms of tradition and culture – a background that is also reflected in the country’s forms of sport. An interesting aspect of Japanese culture is that the many popular sports of ancient times have a few characteristics in common with each other. The most common denominator across the traditional Japanese sports is that they tend to have their roots in some form of combat. Many of the traditional sports are martial-arts centric, as evidenced by the abundance of Japanese styles in this form of athleticism – Sumo wrestling, Judo and Aikido just to name a few. One can attribute this to such activities being inherently competitive, with one party winning over another through higher level of ability, and given that much of Japan’s history involves war and conflict, the connection between fighting and friendly competition can be easily made.

Yabusame is one of the numerous traditional competitive sports based on a form of conflict. In its most basic sense, Yabusame is archery performed from the back of a horse, and can by extension be seen as a form of Kyudo, the Japanese form of archery. In its competitive form, an archer is mounted on the back of a horse and has to ride along a path while firing arrows at targets. In most cases, the archers will be firing special arrows with a head akin to the shape of a turnip, trying to hit the wooden targets located at different intervals and ranges. Standard in this case are three targets for the archer to aim for.

The sport has a long and convoluted history behind it. Its origins lie in the Kamakura Period, around 1200 AD. The first Shogun of Kamakura, Minamoto no Yoritomo, felt appalled by the lack of skill his samurai warriors seemed to display with any weapon other than a katana, especially with ranged weaponry. He quickly combined horseback riding and archery into a disciplined form of practise for his warriors – and it was taken so seriously to a point where warriors who failed in this discipline committed Seppuku – an ancient form of ritualistic suicide done in order to die an honorable death, or regain honor in some cases.

This form of practise quickly gave birth to a rather cruel sport –  inuoumono, wherein the archers on the horses would fire their arrows at dogs. It was only through the intervention of Buddhists priests that saw them using padded arrows to avoid unnecessary death and animal cruelty. Nowadays, Yabusame isn’t very common anymore. It is normally only seen during festivals and in those cases, around temples and shrines, especially in the Kamakura and Kyoto regions.

First image by archerytoronto.blogspot.com

Second image by conoce-japon.com

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Gateball

Gateball is another sport seemingly based on an existing sport which has undergone several modifications to its gameplay by creative Japanese minds. There are definite similarities to the British sport Croquet in Gateball. The game was invented in 1947 by Suzuki Kazunobu who revised the rules of Croquet as he realized that while there was a definite shortage of rubber to make balls with, wood was available in abundance, which could be used to make equipment with.

The Japanese creation is a mallet team sport. The sport can be played by anyone regardless of gender and age, making it ideal for the casual pick up game. However, despite the lax requirements to participate in a Gateball competition, the sport is not to be underestimated in terms of complexity. Gateball is an extremely strategic team game. A standard game takes place on a rectangular court between 20 and 25 meters long and 15 to 20 meters wide. A court has three gates as well as a goal pole.

 

Two teams compete against each other with a maximum of 5 players per side. The teams are colored red and white and every competitor has a numbered ball which determines the playing order, with ball 1’s player hitting first and so on. The odd balls correspond to the red team while the white team plays the even numbered ones.

Teams score points for hitting their balls through a gate or against the goal pole, each of which is worth one and two points respectively. A game lasts for 30 minutes and the team with the most points at the end is declared the winner. The teams begin by placing their balls in the starting area from where they attempt to hit the balls through the first gate. A player who successfully passes through a gate is allowed to hit again until they miss. In the case that they miss the first gate or strike the ball out of bounds, they have to return the ball to the starting area and try again on their second turn.

A “touch” is when a ball hits another ball. Should both balls remain in the field, the one who played the shot steps on his own ball and place the other ball so that it is touching his own. From there, he will proceed to “spark” by hitting his own ball while it is still touching the other ball, allowing him another turn. This allows for highly complex plays exploiting the position of the opposing team’s balls on the field.

 

Images from wikipedia.com

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Takagari

When one thinks of sport, normally the very most popular kinds come to mind. In the Japanese context, they would normally be Baseball, football, golf, perhaps even the more traditional ones such as Sumo or other martial arts.

However, there are sports that one doesn’t actually think of as forms of sport, and Takagari is one of them. Takagari is essentially the Japanese equivalent of falconry and has a very long and culturally rich history behind it.

The first thing to note is that Takagairi was a sport exclusive to the noble class. Participating in the Japanese falconry in itself was a sign of nobility, status and apparently also indicated a presence of a warrior’s spirit.

Old records indicate Takagari to have begun as an activity in the 4th century during the reign of the Emperor Nintoku. The noble class of the time enjoyed hawking, as did the central Court of the time, to a point where they tried to gain the right to make Takagari exclusively practicable by the central Court, even unsuccessfully attempted to send out orders to ban others from practising the art of falconry.

 

The central court would not gain deciding power over the sport of falconry for another 13 centuries. During the 13th century, hawking became a popular activity among the Samurai class alongside the noble class. Hawking actually became important culturally to a point where it was used to settle disputes over land ownership among lords. This would later on give birth to several falconry schools as well as styles of falconry.

The type of falconry practised in Japan as Takagiri has its origins in the Sino-Korean styles. Falconry textbooks started being written by Samurai in the 16th century and prior to that, nobles would leave their own experiences and techniques recorded from the 13th century onwards as a form of proof of their nobility.

At no point in time has falconry ever not been a status symbol, especially given the costs associated with partaking in the sport. Costs of acquiring, raising, housing and training the birds are very high and require a lot of specialized equipment along with a lot of free time ready to be invested in the birds.

Following the end of World War II, falconry was suspended as part of the activities of the Imperial Household and is generally not a very widespread sport across the country. However the tradition of Takagari is maintained by several clubs and enthusiasts with the adequate resources to take care of the majestic birds of prey.

First image by jref.com

Second image by goldenjipangu.com

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Watching Sumo Tournaments

To get a good glimpse of authentic Japanese culture, one must make it a point to see a Sumo wrestling match live. Sumo wrestling is an ancient Japanese sport where two wrestlers battle each other in a circular ring. It started from a legend where two gods fought over the possession of islands some 2500 years ago. The match is highly ritualistic and has become an imperial tradition. It has become a spectator sport over the last years.

Sumo Wrestlers, Kokugikan Hall Stadium, Tokyo, Japan

There are several tournaments in a year and each one is jam-packed with locals and tourists. Tickets can be bought online and the prices range from about $15 for general seats to several hundred dollars for the choice VIP seats. Although in the past, spectators go to these matches dressed in traditional Japanese clothes, one can now watch a Sumo match in jeans and t-shirts.

Sumo tournaments take place in halls near sumo stables where wrestlers live communally. During days leading to the tournaments, the districts where these tournaments are held become alive with tourists and decors. Flags bearing the wrestlers photos adorn the halls and the areas around it and fans usually wait around the halls for the arrival of their favorite wrestlers. Wrestlers in the top division (makuuchi) compete for the Emperor’s Cup. They compete once a day, fighting a different opponent for 15 days. The goal is to emerge with at least 8 wins, and a guarantee not to be demoted from rank. Wrestlers who cannot maintain their positions in their divisions are expected to retire.

Matches begin in the morning with less popular wrestlers. The halls begin to be filled by midday and are usually full by early afternoon when the bigger stars are scheduled to fight. The center of the hall holds the circular ring, measuring about 4.5 meters and surrounded by sacks of rice. Each wrestler aims to push his opponent outside of the ring or force him to touch the floor with a part of his body (other than the soles of his feet) to win.

Sumo wrestlers about to start their fight

Before the match, the wrestler, garbed in only a silk belt, arrives and takes a wide stance and then stomps his feet loudly, a ritual that is supposed to drive away evil spirits. As his fans cheer and shout his name, the wrestler takes a sip of “power water” to purify his body. He then tosses salt in the air to prepare the ring. Then, each wrestler stares his opponent down and then charges to push the other outside of the ring to win.

Tournaments are always exciting to watch and a good way to experience Japanese culture.

 

Photos  by Christian Kober and Gard Karlsen